Ranthambhore National Park or Ranthambhore is the fortieth largest national in northindia, covering 392 km² Ranthambhore city was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of india and was declared one of the project tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambhore became a national park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include the Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries
Ranthambhore city is known for its large tiger population. As park tourism and the population of neighboring villages increased, there were more frequent fatal human-tiger interactions and poaching. The Indian government started Project Tiger in 1973 and allotted an area of 60 mi2 of the park as a tiger sanctuary. This area later expanded to become what is now the Ranthambhore National Park.